armament


armament
armament, matériel, munitions, arms, ordnance, artillery, ammunition as used in modern warfare are not all synonyms of one another, but they are frequently confused. In general they mean material used in military, naval, and air operations.
Armament is by far the most inclusive term, for it comprehends everything that must be considered in determining a nation’s military strength, such as trained soldiers, sailors, and fliers, land fortifications, battleships and all other war vessels (as transports, submarines, destroyers), aircraft, guns, provisions, equipment, available manpower and resources.
Matériel is less inclusive; it comprehends materials only and includes all the requirements of a military establishment other than personnel.
Munitions is often coextensive with materiel but typically stresses supplies of war including military equipment of all kinds, especially all weapons of attack and defense and the missiles, projectiles, and propellants necessary for their use.
Arms is less definite in its application than either of the preceding words, but in general, when used as an inclusive term, it covers whatever weapons soldiers or sailors need in actual fighting (as cannon, guns, rifles, pistols, swords, and bayonets).
Ordnance is used in two senses, the more general of which is probably the less common. In that sense the term includes not only everything which is covered by arms, but every other weapon of attack or defense (as tanks) and everything needed for the equipment and use of these weapons (as mounts, carriages, projectiles, and missiles) or for their manufacture or repair (as tools and machinery). More narrowly and also more commonly, ordnance is a comprehensive term for all kinds of heavy firearms, especially those discharged from mounts (as cannon, guns, howitzers, and mortars).
Artillery is a close synonym of ordnance in this latter sense, but it suggests actual warfare and therefore implies group service in the management of mounted firearms. It sometimes, like the broader sense of ordnance, comprehends also the mounts, ammunition, and other items essential to the work of the branch of an army dealing with the operation of heavy guns (called also the artillery).
Ammunition, though once used as a general term nearly equal to munitions, is now restricted in its application to the projectiles used in warfare (as bullets, shells, grenades, or bombs) and their necessary propellants, detonators, fuses, and primers.
Analogous words: *fort, fortress, citadel, stronghold: *bulwark, breastwork, rampart, bastion, parapet

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • armament — ARMAMÉNT, armamente, s.n. Totalitatea mijloacelor tehnice de luptă; arme. – Din fr. armement, lat. armamentum. Trimis de ana zecheru, 16.03.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  ARMAMÉNT s. (mil.) (pop.) muniţie. (armament de luptă.) Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004 …   Dicționar Român

  • Armament — Ar ma*ment, n. [L. armamenta, pl., utensils, esp. the tackle of a ship, fr. armare to arm: cf. LL. armamentum, F. armement.] 1. A body of forces equipped for war; used of a land or naval force. The whole united armament of Greece. Glover. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • armament — index ammunition, bomb, gun Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • armament — (n.) c.1600, munitions of war (especially the great guns on board a man of war), also naval force equipped for war (1690s), from L. armamentum implement, from L. armare to arm, furnish with weapons from arma (see ARM (Cf. arm) (n.2)). Meaning… …   Etymology dictionary

  • armament(s) — [n] weapon(s) ammunition, arms, defense, gun, hardware, heat*, material, materiel, munitions, ordnance, protection, security, weaponry; concept 500 …   New thesaurus

  • armament — ► NOUN 1) (also armaments) military weapons and equipment. 2) the process of equipping military forces for war. ORIGIN Latin armamentum, from armare to arm …   English terms dictionary

  • armament — [är′mə mənt] n. [L armamentum, pl. armamenta, implements, ship s tackle < armare: see ARM2, vt.] 1. [often pl.] all the military forces and equipment of a nation 2. a large force for offense or defense 3. all the guns and other military… …   English World dictionary

  • armament — [[t]ɑ͟ː(r)məmənt[/t]] armaments 1) N PLURAL Armaments are weapons and military equipment belonging to an army or country. ...global efforts to reduce nuclear and other armaments. ...the armaments industry. Syn: arms 2) N VAR Armament is used to… …   English dictionary

  • armament — ginklavimas statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Kariuomenės aprūpinimas ginklais ir jų naudojimui reikalingomis priemonėmis. atitikmenys: angl. armament rus. вооружение …   Artilerijos terminų žodynas

  • armament — ginkluotė statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Įvairių ginklų rūšių ir jų naudojimo priemonių kompleksas; sudedamoji karo technikos dalis. Ginkluotę sudaro: ↑ginklai, jų leidimo, taikymo, valdymo ir kt. techninės priemonės, kuriomis aprūpinami… …   Artilerijos terminų žodynas


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